Toroni Sithonia

Toroni is located after Marmaras and before Porto Koufo.

According to mythology, Toroni was the wife of Proteus, son of Poseidon. Traces of prehistoric settlements of the 3rd century BC. and many other ancient remains, ancient Christian and Byzantine temples, castles and others prove that the area has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic era. Ancient Toroni was founded by the Chalcidian settlers of the 8th century BC. In the 5th century BC. It was one of the most important cities of Halkidiki. It had its own currency and was part of the Athenian alliance. Thucydides mentions that in 423 BC. conquered by Brasidas from Sparta. In 348 BC, the city was occupied by Philip II. In 168 BC, the Romans invaded and the city disintegrated. In Byzantine times, the land belonged to the monasteries of Mount Athos.

Its strong walls and other buildings were destroyed in the 19th century, when the Turks used the granite built to cover the main streets of Constantinople and Thessaloniki. Recent excavations have confirmed that the area has always been inhabited since the end of the Neolithic Age until Turkish rule.

Architectural ruins have been found, but they are only fragments, due to the continuous use of the land. Particular emphasis was placed by excavators on the cemetery from the Iron Age. Its duration is approximately from the end of the 2nd century to the middle of the 9th century. In this cemetery, 134 tombs were discovered with 118 being cremated and 16 simple burials. 500 vessels were discovered, which were used either as burials or as incinerators for the dead.

Toroni Sithonia image